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User-Initiated Event with handleInfo

Search is a common use case where a user-initiated event might be handled by handleInfo.

Example Search LiveView

import { createLiveView, html } from "liveviewjs";
import {searchUsers} from "../services/searchUsers";
* A basic search that searches for a user by name.
export const searchLiveView = createLiveView<
// Define LiveView Context / State
{ search: string; results: string[], loading: boolean },
// Define LiveView Events
{ type: "search"; search: string }
// Define LiveView Infos
{ type: "doSearch"; search: string }
// Setup / initialize the LiveView Context (i.e., set search to "" and results to [])
mount: (socket) => {
socket.assign({ search: "", results: [] });
// Handle incoming search events from User input
handleEvent: (event, socket) => {
const { search } = socket.context;
switch (event.type) {
case "search":
// set the search data and loading in the context
socket.assign({ search:, loading: true });
// Send a doSearch info (event) to the `handleInfo` method
socket.sendInfo({ type: "doSearch", search: });
// Handle incoming info events from the server
handleInfo: (info, socket) => {
const { search } = socket.context;
switch (info.type) {
case "doSearch":
// Search for users and update the results in the context
const results = await searchUsers(;
socket.assign({ results, loading: false });
// Renders the Search View based on the current Context / State
render: (context) => {
const { search, results } = context;
return html`
<h1>Search for a user</h1>
placeholder="Search for a user"
${renderResults(results, loading)}

function renderResults(results: string[], loading: boolean) {
if (loading) {
return html`<div>Loading...</div>`;
if (results.length === 0) {
return html`<div>No results</div>`;
return html`
${ => html`<li>${result}</li>`)}

How it works

  • The LiveView renders a form that allows a user to search for a user by name. When the user submits the form, the handleEvent method is called with the search event.
  • The handleEvent method then updates the context with the search text, sets loading to true, and sends a doSearch info event to the handleInfo method.
  • The handleInfo method then performs the search asynchronously (i.e., it doesn't block rendering from the handleEvent).
  • When the search is completed handleInfo and updates the results in the context and sets loading to false. Updating the context causes the render method to be called again, which renders the search results.

handleInfo Use Cases

There are three main use cases for handleInfo:

  • Handling an asynchronous process initiated from a user event without blocking the UI
  • Handling an asynchronous process initiated from a background process
  • Handling a pub/sub message